days to consider

World Forest Day and World Tree Day

André Carrilho
21 of March 2022
World Forest Day and World Tree Day

The celebration of World Forest and Tree Day began on April 10, 1872, in Nebraska City (USA).

His mentor was journalist Julius Sterling Morton, Secretary of Agriculture to President Grover Cleveland, who encouraged tree planting in Nebraska by promoting “Arbor Day”.

Montado, Alentejo Region

The Tree Festival became the Forest Festival when, in 1971, the FAO established the “World Forest Day”. This day aims to raise awareness of the importance of the forest in maintaining life on Earth.

The first “World Day of the Forest” was celebrated in Portugal in 1974, and the date of 21 March was chosen. This day symbolizes the first day of spring, like many other countries in the northern hemisphere.

In the southern hemisphere, the date is commemorated on September 21st.

Monchique Mountain, Algarve

In 2012, the UN declared March 21 of each year the International Day of Forests.

The date warns of the urgency of halting the degradation and loss of the forest, which could compromise the planet’s sustainable future.

Forests are the terrestrial ecosystems with the greatest biological diversity on the planet. It is “home” to about 80% of amphibian species, 75% of birds and 68% of mammals.

Monchique Mountain, Algarve

Importance of the forest

This ecosystem is an invaluable source of livelihood for around 2.4 billion people worldwide. When preparing food and obtaining drinking water, reminds the FAO.

In Portugal, the forest covers more than a third of the country, covering about 3.3 million hectares.

The basis for many pharmacological products is extracted from forest ecosystems, providing additional protection for future pandemics.

Loulé, Algarve

This is a topic with great relevance today. Given that, the Covid-19 epidemic has highlighted the need to conserve and use nature sustainably.

Recognizing that the health of populations is intrinsically linked to the health of ecosystems.